Most products marketed as "gluten-free" still contain a tiny bit of gluten ... some more than others. And people with celiac disease and gluten sensitivity can have very different reactions (or no reaction at all) to these trace amounts of gluten in our foods.
If you find yourself experiencing gluten reactions to foods labeled "gluten-free," you may need to limit the amount of trace gluten in your diet. But how do you do that?
First, you'll need to understand how these foods specifically marked "gluten-free" still are allowed to contain some gluten. You'll also need to learn how this trace gluten is measured, and how you might react to it. Here are some resources that can help you get a handle on these confusing concepts:
- How much gluten can make me sick?
- I'm eating gluten-free but still getting gluten symptoms. Why am I getting sick?
- What does it mean for products to have less than 20 parts per million of gluten?
- Why you need to know products' gluten PPM numbers
In the following table, you'll find major manufacturers of "gluten-free" products, plus the gluten parts per million (ppm) to which those products are tested. Note: products listed are reported as containing less than the stated level of gluten for example: a GF-10 product reportedly contains less than 10ppm of gluten, while a GF-20 product reportedly contains less than 20 ppm of gluten.
Please also note that I haven't tested these products myself; instead, I'm basing this table on information provided by the companies themselves, plus data provided by organizations that provide gluten-free certification.
If you have suggestions for products or companies to add to this table, I'd love to hear them! Please email me and let me know what you'd like to see.
Gluten PPM Table
|Company||"Gluten-Free" Products||Gluten PPM Level||Source of Information||Notes|
|Aleia's Gluten-Free Foods||breads, bread crumbs, cookies, croutons, stuffing||GF-5||certified by CSA|
|Amy's Kitchen||frozen meals, soups, pizzas, snacks||GF-20||reported by company||shared facility|
|Applegate Farms||Organic and natural meat products||GF-10 for GF chicken nuggets, GF-20 for other products||Company report/GFCO certified||GFCO-certified for chicken nuggets but not for other products|
|Bakery on Main||Granola and energy bars||GF-10||GFCO-certified||some products contain gluten-free oatmeal or oats|
|Ball Park Franks||hot dogs||GF-?||reported by company||Ball Park Franks says it will list any gluten ingredients on the label|
|Bar-S||hot dogs||GF-?||reported by company||Bar-S corn dogs contain gluten; others contain no gluten ingredients|
|Ben & Jerry's||Ice cream and frozen desserts||N.A.||Company statement||Ben & Jerry's will call out any gluten-containing ingredients on the product's label and works with suppliers to verify ingredients, but does not test for gluten in its finished products.|
|Betty Crocker Gluten-Free||Bisquick, baking mixes||GF-20||reported by company||gluten-free facility; one product tested below GF-5 by Gluten-Free Watchdog|
|Bisquick||gluten-free baking mix||GF-20||reported by company||Bisquick is made by General Mills, which uses some shared facilities|
|Breyer's||Ice cream and frozen desserts||N.A.||Company reported||Breyer's, a Unilever company, will disclose gluten-containing ingredients clearly on the label but does not test for PPM levels in its finished products. Breyer's does not label its products "gluten-free."|
|Boar's Head||cold cuts, luncheon meats, cheese, hot dogs||GF-20||reported by company||Everything except for soups (which contain gluten) is made in a separate, gluten-free facility, and the company works with its suppliers to obtain GF supplies|
|Bob's Red Mill||flours, mixes, baking supplies||GF-20||reported by company||gluten-free facility; products share lines with gluten-free oats|
|BOLD Organics||frozen pizza||GF-5||certified by CSA||pizzas also dairy-free|
|Canyon Bakehouse||bread, focaccia, buns, muffins||GF-5||reported by company||gluten-free facility; in-house and independent testing of products|
|Chex cereals||gluten-free cereal||GF-20||reported by company||Chex is made by General Mills, which uses some shared facilities|
|Chobani Yogurt||yogurt||GF-10||certified by GFCO|
|Country Life Vitamins||vitamins and supplements||GF-10||certified by GFCO|
|Dove Chocolate||chocolate bars, ice cream||GF-20||reported by company|
|Dreyer's/Edy's||Ice cream and frozen desserts||GF-20||Company reported||Dreyer's and Edy's will label products "gluten-free" that are considered to meet standards.|
|Eat Smart/Snyder's of Hanover||potato chips and vegetable chips||GF-10||certified by GFCO|
|Endangered Species Chocolate||chocolate bars||GF-10||GFCO-certified||All flavors of Endangered Species chocolate are gluten-free|
|Ener-G||breads, crackers, cookies, cereal, flours, mixes||GF-5||reported by company|
|Food Should Taste Good||chips and snack foods||GF-10||GFCO-certified|
|Freeda Vitamins||vitamins and supplements||GF-5||certified by CSA|
|Frito-Lay||chips, snacks||GF-20, GF-?||reported by company||company tests products on its gluten-free list to GF-20; other products contain no gluten ingredients but are not tested|
|General Mills||Chex cereals and other products||GF-20||reported by company||some products manufactured on shared lines, others manufactured in gluten-free section of shared facility|
|Gluten-Free Pantry||baking mixes||GF-10||reported by company||gluten-free facility|
|Glutino||bread, pasta, cereal, snacks, frozen meals||GF-10||reported by company|
|Häagen-Dazs||Ice cream and frozen desserts||GF-20||Company reported||Häagen-Dazs says it uses gluten-containing ingredients only in obvious places, such as in Chocolate Chip Cookie Dough ice cream.|
|Kettle Brand||potato chips||GF-20||reported by company||Kettle makes only gluten-free chips, and manufactures them in a GF environment, according to the company|
|King Arthur Flour||gluten-free mixes and flour products||GF-10||GFCO-certified||Products made in a dedicated gluten-free facility|
|Kinnikinnick Foods||breads, cookies, mixes, muffins, snacks, pizza shells||GF-5||reported by company||gluten-free facility; in-house testing of ingredients, finished products|
|Kraft Foods||wide range of food products||GF-20, GF-?||reported by company||Kraft products labeled "gluten-free" meet GF-20 standards; otherwise, Kraft will disclose gluten ingredients but not potential cross-contamination|
|Miller's Mustard||flavored mustard||GF-5||certified by CSA|
|Pamela's Products||Baking mixes, cookies, biscotti||GF-5||Company reported||Pamela's reports that it tests everything to ensure it falls below 5 parts per million of gluten.|
|Pillsbury||ready-to-bake dough products||GF-20||reported by company||Pillsbury is made by General Mills, which uses some shared facilities|
|Rudi's Gluten-Free||breads, rolls, tortillas||GF-10||certified by GFCO||shared facility|
|Scharffen Berger Chocolate||gourmet chocolate bars||GF-20||reported by company||Scharffen Berger is owned by Hershey's|
|Snyders of Hanover||pretzels||GF-10||certified by GFCO|
|So Delicious||Frozen desserts, nut milk, yogurt||GF-10||Certified by GFCO|
|Three Bakers||breads, pizza, buns||GF-5||reported by company||gluten-free facility|
|Turkey Hill Dairy||Ice cream||GF-20||Company reported||Turkey Hill marks flavors it considers to meet gluten-free standards with "gluten-free."|
|Udi's Gluten-Free||breads, granola, rolls, cookies, muffins, pizza||GF-10||certified by GFCO||gluten-free facility|
|Wellshire Farms||ham, hot dogs, lunch meats, bacon, sausage||GF-10||GFCO-certified|
|Whole Foods Gluten-Free Bakehouse||breads, rolls, pies, muffins, pastries||GF-5||reported by company||gluten-free facility|