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Jane Anderson

Dr. Fasano: Gluten Sensitivity Biomarker Likely Coming Soon

By January 23, 2013

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Prominent celiac disease and gluten sensitivity researcher Dr. Alessio Fasano says he's "confident" that a clinical trial now underway will pinpoint a biological marker, or biomarker, for non-celiac gluten sensitivity, and that discovery should pave the way for the development of diagnostic tests for the condition.

Dr. Alessio Fasano

The Center for Celiac Research -- newly part of the Massachusetts General Hospital system -- is collaborating with Second University of Naples on a clinical trial designed to identify a biomarker for gluten sensitivity. The trial, which is enrolling patients now, ultimately hopes to include about 120 people and is expected to wrap up this summer, although analysis of the data will take longer, Dr. Fasano told me in an interview.

Ultimately, the discovery of a gluten sensitivity biomarker and development of a gluten sensitivity test will help to increase awareness for the condition among both the public and physicians -- not to mention getting people diagnosed, he says. It also will make possible a study to determine just how many people actually have gluten sensitivity.

"The major problem we faced in the scientific community in general is the skepticism of the community to even accept there's such a thing as gluten sensitivity," Dr. Fasano says. Of course, several recent studies and scientific papers have provided what he calls "overwhelming" evidence that gluten sensitivity exists (read more in my article Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity Research). "So the discussion is shifting from 'Does it exist or not?' to 'How big a deal is it?'"

The only way to establish how many people suffer from gluten sensitivity is to identify a biomarker for the condition and then to perform a large study that screens a bunch of randomly chosen people for that biomarker, Dr. Fasano says. In fact, he and his colleagues performed and published a similar study about 10 years ago that established the prevalence of celiac disease in the U.S. at one in 133 people (previously, most doctors had thought celiac was extremely rare).

The current clinical trial is looking at possibly useful gluten sensitivity biomarkers that include markers that can be isolated from blood samples, along with measurements of gut barrier function (gluten sensitivity is thought to alter the permeability of your small intestine). Dr. Fasano's previous research has found differences in intestinal permeability between people with celiac disease and gluten sensitivity, along with differences in the expression of genes that regulate the immune system's response to gluten.

The number of people with gluten sensitivity could be far higher than the number of those with celiac disease, Dr. Fasano says. "My conservative estimate is that 6% [of the overall population] have gluten sensitivity."

Of course, the field of gluten sensitivity research is still very new. Here's more information on what we know (and don't know):

Stay tuned -- there's plenty more to come on this issue!

Keep up with the latest in the celiac disease/gluten sensitivity world -- sign up for my newsletter, connect with me on Facebook or follow me on Twitter - @AboutCeliac.

Photo Center for Celiac Research

Comments
January 24, 2013 at 2:17 pm
(1) Rina C says:

for me the humans can’t eat cereal whit gluten

September 8, 2013 at 8:56 am
(2) Kathryn muffley says:

Dr. Alessio should be told that there is already testing for gluten intolerance, done by Great Smokies Medical Center, in Asheville, N.C.

The good doctor can request a test kit for any patients. Once the patient has the test kit, he/she takes it to a lab where the blood is drawn and the sent off. The results are sent to the local doc, who then gives them to the patient and advises on a 4 day rotation diet that must be strictly followed for about 6 months.

I did this 25 years ago and I continue to follow my dietary restrictions that are more than just gluten. If I’d only learned of the gluten intolerance, I would still be having symptoms.

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